Easy, efficient, safe and secure transportation is a core factor for European growth, collaboration and employment, and thus for the Europe 2020 strategy. Land transportation has two main security challenges: to avoid interruptions of transport and ensure the free flow of freight and passengers which guarantee supply to Europe’s populace, and to avoid that transportation modes become open to avenues of attack. CARONTE will help to tackle these challenges by producing a research agenda for security in land transport that focuses on the core relevant gaps caused by emerging risks.